Fixed Maturity Plan Launched by JP Morgan Asset Management

Recently, JP Morgan Asset Management, a house of Mutual fund announced the launch of a fixed maturity plan. The plan is aimed to fixed income securities.

An online news portal about business and economy – economictimes.indiatimes.com, quotes a statement of the company, “The fund — JP Morgan India Fixed Maturity Plan 400D Series 1 — is a close ended income scheme. The fund, which opened for subscription on Wednesday, closes on February 21.”

So, the fund is already closed now. It is known as JP Morgan India Fixed Maturity Plan 400D Series 1. It is known as a close ended income scheme.

Further the news portal writes about it, “The scheme is a 400 day FMP with March 28, 2012 as the maturity date. The fund will be benchmarked against the Crisil Short Term Bond Fund Index. The minimum application amount is Rs 5,000.”

So, the scheme is announced for a 400 day FMP with March 28, 2012 which is its maturity date. The fund begins with a minimum application amount which is Rs. 5000.

Further the statement elaborates, “The scheme aims to achieve growth of capital through investments made in a basket of debt/fixed income securities maturing on or before 400 days.”

Fixed Maturity Plan of JP Morgan Asset Management is aimed to achieve growth of capital through investments made in a basket of debt/fixed income securities maturing on or before 400 days.

The news portal quotes a statement of JP Morgan Asset Management Chief Investment Officer Nandkumar Surti also, “This fund can be an ideal vehicle for risk averse investors seeking stable returns over a fixed period and returns that are more tax-efficient compared to traditional deposits.”

Fixed Maturity Plan of JP Morgan Asset Management is being known as an ideal vehicle for risk averse for those investors who are seeking stable returns over a fixed period and returns like ING Uttam Jeevan and ING Uttam Jeevan SP of ING Life.

ING Uttam Jeevan and ING Uttam Jeevan SP Launched by ING Life

Recently, ING Life launched ING Uttam Jeevan and ING Uttam Jeevan SP, two new customer-centric unit linked products.

Mr. Rahul Agarwal who is the Chief Distribution Officer said about ING Uttam Jeevan and ING Uttam Jeevan SP, “I am delighted to announce the new ULIPs, Uttam Jeevan and Uttam Jeevan SP. Both these products have been designed keeping in mind our customers need for investment and protection. These are simple products, which will appeal to our customers across categories, especially for those who are new to the world of ULIP. They are easy to understand and buy.”

About ING Uttam Jeevan and ING Uttam Jeevan SP, an online news portal about business and economy – economictimes.indiatimes.com writes, “ING Life has launched two new customer-centric unit linked products which meet the investment and protection needs of customers. ING Uttam Jeevan and its single premium variant, ING Uttam Jeevan SP, meet the new IRDA guidelines.”

Further the news portal writes in the analysis of ING Uttam Jeevan and ING Uttam Jeevan SP, “Uttam Jeevan and Uttam Jeevan SP are targeted at all categories of customers, including those who are looking at ULIPs for the first time. The minimum annual premium for Uttam Jeevan is Rs 24,000, while that of Uttam Jeevan SP is Rs 48,000. Being non-medical insurance products, they are hassle free and easy to buy.

With the new guideline, the products enable a higher allocation of premium for investments, thus getting better returns. The product offers customers an automatic increase of 5 per cen in the base sum assured year-on-year, thus keeping up with the increased financial responsibility with age of the customer. It also has in-built accidental death benefit. The death benefit is Sum Assured plus Fund Value. The products offer flexibility to customers with charge free withdrawals as well as top ups. In case the policy lapses, customers can reinstate the policy within 45 days from the date of lapse free of charge. Customers also have the benefit of increasing their contribution by way of Top-Up, with a minimum top-up premium of Rs. 2,000. Four free switches are allowed every policy year, helping customer to manage their investments well.”

Registration and Incorporation of Company in Business World

Mode of forming Incorporated Company:

Any 7 or more persons (2 or more in case of a private company) associates for any lawful purpose may form an incorporated company with or without limited liability.

A company so formed may be:

A company limited by shares, or

A company limited by guarantee, or

An unlimited company

Documents to be filed with the Registrar:

Before a company is registered it is desirable to ascertain from the registrar of companies if the proposed name of the company is approved.

The following documents duly stamped together with the necessary fees are to be filled with the registrar:

The memorandum of association duly signed by the subscribers

The articles of association

Signed by the subscribers to the memorandum of association

The agreement, if any, which the company proposes to, enter into with any individual for appointment as its managing or whole-time director or manager

A list of the directors who have agreed to become the first directors of the company

A declaration stating that all the requirements of the companies act and other formalities relating to registration have been complied with. Such declaration shall be signed by any of the following persons:

An Advocate of the Supreme Court or of a High Court: or

An attorney or a pleader entitled to appear before a high court;

A secretary or a chartered accountant in whole-time practice in India, who is engaged in the formation of the company; or
A person named in the articles as a director, manager, a secretary of the company then within 30days of the date of registrar who shall record the same.

Effects of registration:

Three important consequences of registration:

The company becomes a distinct legal entity. Its life commences from the date mentioned in the certificate of incorporation.

The company acquires a perpetual succession. The members may come and go. But it goes on for ever, unless it is wound up.

The company’s property is not the property of the shareholders. The shareholders have a right to share in the profits of the company when realised and divided.

We already have discussed about kinds of companies in corporate world in the continuation of registration and incorporation of company in the business world.

Memorandum of Association and Contents of Memorandum

Memorandum of association is a fundamental document. It is the charter of the company and defines its reason for existence. It regulates the external affairs of the company in relation to outsiders. Its purpose is to enable shareholders to know what its permitted range of enterprise is. It is the area beyond which the actions of the company cannot go.

Purpose of memorandum:

The prospective shareholders shall know the field in, which their money is going to be used by the company and what risk they are undertaking in making investment. The outsiders dealing with the company shall know the objects of the company.

Printing and signing of memorandum:

The Memorandum of Association of a company shall be-

Printed

Divided into paragraphs numbered consecutively, and

Signed by 7 (2 incase of a private company) subscribers

Each subscriber shall sign (and add his address, description and occupation, if any) in the presence of at least l witness who shall attest the signature and shall likewise add his address, Description and occupation.

Form of Memorandum:

The Memorandum of Association of a company shall be in such one of the Forms in Tables B, C, D and E in Schedule I to the Companies Act, 1956.

Contents of Memorandum:

The Memorandum of every company shall contain the following clauses. The name of the company, with ‘Limited’ as the last word of the name in the case of a public limited company and with ‘private Limited’ as the last words of the name in the case of a private limited company. The state in which the registered office of the company is to be situated.

The objects of the company which shall be classified as-

The main objects of the company to be pursued by the company on its incorporation and objects incidental or ancillary to the attainment of the main objects; and

Other objects of the company not included in (a)

In the case of companies (other than trading corporations) with objects not confined to one state, state to whose territories the objects extend

Limited liability:

The Memorandum of a company limited by shares or by guarantee shall also state that the liability of its members is limited.

Share capital:

In the case of a company having a share capital, each subscriber shall take at least one share and shall write opposite his name the number of shares his lakes. The Memorandum of a company limited by guarantee shall also state that each member undertakes to contribute a certain sum to the assets of the company.

Doctrine of Ultra Vires:

A company has the power to do all such things as are-

Authorized to be done by the Companies Act, 1956;

Essential to the attainment of its objects specified in the Memorandum;

Reasonably and fairly incidental to its objects

Everything else is ultra vires the company

‘Ultra’ means ‘beyond’ and ‘vires’ means ‘powers’

It means that the doing of the act is beyond the legal power and authority of the company.

The purpose of these restrictions is to protect-

Investors in the company so that they may know the objects in which their money is to be employed;

Creditors in the by ensuring that the company’s funds are not wasted in unauthorized activities

Ultra vires act is void

If an act is ultra vires the company, it does not create any legal relationship

It is not necessary that an act to be considered ultra vires must be illegal; it may or may not be

The main feature of the doctrine of ultra vires is that a company being a corporate person should not be (fined or punished) for its own acts or acts of its agents

Whether a particular act on the part of a company is within its powers is a question of fact and is decided on the construction of the terms of the Memorandum

Ultra vires the directors:

If an act transaction is ultra vires the directors (i.e., beyond their powers but within the powers of the company), the shareholders can ratify it by a resolution in a general meeting

If an act is within the powers of the company, any irregularities may be cured by the consent of the shareholders

Ultra vires the articles:

If an act or transaction is ultra vires the articles, the company can ratify it by altering the articles by a special resolution

Shares and Allotment of Shares in Capitalist Market

A share is the interest of a shareholder in a company. The capital of a company is divided into certain indivisible units of a fixed amount. ‘Share’ means share in the share capital of a company. A share is evidenced by a share certificate. A share certificate is issued by a company under its common seal. Each share in a company having share capital is distinguished by its appropriate number.

Types of shares:

Preference shares

Equity shares

Preference shares: Preference shares are those which have 2 characteristics:

They have a preferential right to be paid dividend during the lifetime of the company

They have a preferential right to the return of capital when the company goes into liquidation

Equity shares: Equity shares are standard shares with no special rights or restrictions. They have the potential to give the highest financial gains, but also have the highest risk. Equity shareholders are the last to be paid if the company is wound up.

Application and allotment of shares:

An application for shares is an offer by a prospective shareholder of a company to take shares. ‘Allotment’ is the acceptance by the company of that offer. Allotment results in a binding contract between the company and the applicant. The following provisions of the Act are applicable to ‘application’ for, and allotment of, shares:

Minimum subscription: No allotment shall be made of any share capital of a company offered to the public for subscription unless-

The amount stated in the prospectus as the minimum amount has been subscribed

The sum payable on application for such amount has been paid to and received by the company

Application money: The amount payable on application on each share shall not be less than 5 per cent of the nominal amount of the share. All moneys received from applicants for shares shall be deposited and kept deposited in a scheduled Bank-

Until the certificate to commence business is obtained

Until the entire amount payable on applications for shares in respect of the minimum of

90 per cent subscription has been received by the company.

If any such money is not repaid within 130 days after the issue of the prospectus, the directors of the company shall be jointly repay it with interest at the rate of 6 per annum

Opening of the subscription list:

Allotment can be made only after the beginning of the 5th day from the date of the issue of the prospectus or on such later day as may be specified in the prospectus. This beginning of the 5th day or the later day is known as ‘the opening of the subscription list’.

Shares and debentures to be listed:

Every company, intending to offer shares or debentures to the public for subscription shall make an application to more recognized stock exchanges permission for the listing of its shares or debentures.

Return as to allotments within 30 days of allotment of shares by a company, the company shall file with the Registrar a statement known as ‘return as to allotments’.

Share certificate:

Every person whose name is entered as a member in the register of members of a company has a right to receive a certificate of his shares. A share certificate shall be under the seal of the company, and shall specify-

The shares to which it relates

The amount paid up thereon

The name of the holder of the shares, the share certificate shall be signed by at least 2 directors and the secretary

Limitation of time for issue of share certificates:

The company shall deliver share certificates-

Within 3 months of the allotment of shares

Within 2 month after the application for registration of the transfer of any such shares.

Object of share certificate:

A share certificate under the seal of a company is prima facie evidence of the title of the member to the specified in the certificate.

Lost or defaced certificate: A certificate may be renewed or a duplicate of a certificate may be issued if such certificate-

Is proved to have been lost or destroyed

Having been defaced or torn is surrendered to the company

We already have discussed about article of association. Now, you can read about shares in this chapter.

Articles of Association and Contents of Articles in Business Memorandum

Articles of Association:

Articles are the rules, regulations and bye-laws for the internal management of the affairs of a company. They are framed with the object of carrying out the aims and objects as set out in the memorandum of Association. They are as such subordinate to, and controlled by, the Memorandum of Association.

Contents of articles:

Articles usually contain provisions relating to the following matters:

Share capital, rights of shareholders, variation of these rights, payment of commissions, share certificates

Calls on shares

Transfer of shares

Transmission of shares

Forfeiture of shares

Conversion of shares into stock

Share warrants

Alteration of capital

General meetings and proceedings there at

Voting rights of members, Voting and poll, proxies

Directors, their appointment, remuneration, qualifications, powers and proceedings of board of directors

Manager

Secretary

Dividends and reserves

Accounts, audit and borrowing powers

Capitalisation of profits

Winding up

Companies which must have their own Articles:

The following companies shall have their own articles, namely,

Unlimited companies,

Companies limited by guarantee,

Private companies limited by shares,

The Articles shall be signed by the subscribers of the Memorandum and registered along with the Memorandum,

A public company may have its own Articles of Association. If it does not have its own Articles, it may adopt Table A given in schedule I to the Act

Regulations required in case of an unlimited company, a company limited by guarantee and a private company

Unlimited company: In the case of an unlimited company, the Articles shall state-

The numbers with which the company is to be registered, and

If it has a share capital, the amount of share capital with which the company is to be registered

Company limited by guarantee: The case of a company limited by guarantee, the articles shall state the number of members with which the company is to be registered.

Private company: In the case of a private company having a share capital, the Articles shall contain provisions which-

Restrict the right to transfer shares,

Limit the number of its members to 50 (not including employee-members), and

Prohibit any invitation to the public to subscribe for any shares in, or debentures of, the company.

Form of Articles in the case of other companies:

The Articles of any company, not being a company limited by shares, shall be in such one of the Forms in Tables C,D, and E in schedule I to the Act

Such a company may include any additional matters in its Articles in so far as they are not inconsistent with the provisions

Form and signature of Articles:

Printed,

Divided into paragraphs, and

Signed by each subscriber of the Memorandum (who shall add his address, description and occupation, in the presence of at least l witness who will attest the signature and likewise add his address) description and occupation.